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General Information about Armenia
Official name: Republic of Armenia (Hayastan - the Armenian name).
Form of government: presidential Republic.
The head of state: is the president.
Territory: 29,8 thousand square kilometers
Border: The state located in the direct southern Caucasus, bordered by the Nagorno-Karabakh (221 kilometers), with countries such as Georgia (164 kilometers), Iran (35 kilometers), Turkey (268 kilometers), Azerbaijan (566 kilometers).
Population: more than 3 million people.
The capital is Yerevan.
Religion: many believers belong to the Armenian Apostolic church. They account for more than 94 %.
The state language: the official language in this country is the Armenian language.
10 marzes (regions) are allocated in Armenia - Aragatsotn, Armavir, Ararat, Gegharkunik, Kotayk, Shirak, Lori, Tavush, Syunik, Vayots Dzor. The capital is a separate administrative unit.
The largest cities: are considered Yerevan, Vanadzor, Gyumri, Kapan, Armavir, Ijevan, Gavar, Echmiadzin, Hrazdan.
National Currency: the monetary unit of Armenia is the dram.
The national motto of this country: "One nation, one culture".
National Flag of Armenia
The state flag of modern Armenia was adopted in August 1990 (24th of August). All the colors, which are present on the main flag of Armenia, are colors of the final period of the Cilician kingdom (dynasty of Rubens). Red, yellow and blue convey are the main symbolic meaning of the whole composition. If you look at the Armenian flag of the rectangular form, you will notice that it consists of 3 equal horizontal stripes: the lower - orange, the middle - blue, and the upper - red. The last color symbolizes the blood that was shed by Armenians during the defense of Armenia, the orange color - national courage and diligence, the blue color is an interesting symbol of the nature of Armenia. But in the constitution the symbolic meaning is interpreted differently: for example, the red color symbolizes the Armenian plateau, the constant struggle of the Armenian people for their survival, Christian faith, Armenian liberty and independence of Armenia. The blue color symbolizes the great desire of Armenians to live, as they say, under the peaceful sky, while the orange color is a real symbol of:
• Creative talent,
• Diligence of the Armenian people.
National Emblem of Armenia
23, 1990 is the date when the Law on the state emblem of the country was adopted. Today's emblem of the country was developed on the basis of the old coat of arms of the first Republic of Armenia (18-19 years of XX century). It was designed by Alexander Tamanyan (architect) and Hagop Kodzhoyan (the artist). The coat of arms represents an interesting picture of an eagle and a lion, which take the shield. Many components are components of the shield. In the center of it there is the mountain of Ararat, symbolizing the Armenian nation.
Directly on the top of this mountain Noah's ark is depicted, because according to the legend, after the devastating flood he stopped directly on this mountain. Shown shield is divided into four sections, which symbolize 4 independent Armenian kingdoms in the history of Armenia: Arshakouniats, Rubiniants, Artasheziants and Bagratouniants.
The lion and the Eagle (behind the shield) are the real kings of the animal world. They symbolize courage and vigilance of one, as well as power and mind of the other. During the last centuries they are symbols of just royal families. At the bottom of the shield 5 more important characters are placed. Sword signifies the power and authority of the nation, the broken chain - freedom and independence, ears of corn, wheat - cultural heritage of people, a fountain pen - cultural and intellectual heritage of Armenians. Three-color ribbon is a symbol of the flag of Armenia.